An efficient hospital layout should:
- Promote staff efficiency by minimizing distance of necessary travel between frequently used spaces.
- Allow easy visual supervision of patients by limited staff Include all needed spaces, but no redundant ones. This requires careful pre-design programming.
- Provide an efficient logistics system, which might include elevators, pneumatic tubes, box conveyors, manual or automated carts, and gravity or pneumatic chutes, for the efficient handling of food and clean supplies and the removal of waste, recyclables, and soiled material.
- Make efficient use of space by locating support spaces so that they may be shared by adjacent functional areas, and by making prudent use of multi-purpose spaces.
- Consolidate outpatient functions for more efficient operation-on first floor, if possible-for direct access by outpatients
Group or combine functional areas with similar system requirements.
- Provide optimal functional adjacency, such as locating the surgical intensive care unit adjacent to the operating suite. These adjacency should be based on a detailed functional program which describes the hospital’s intended operations from the standpoint of patients, staff, and supplies.