Nepal is officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal s a landlocked central Himalayan country in South Asia. Nepal is divided into 7 states and 75 districts and 744 local units including 4 metropolises, 13 sub-metropolises, 246 municipal councils and 481 villages. It has a population of 26.4 million and is the 93rd largest country by area. Bordering China in the north and India in the south, east, and west, it is the largest sovereign Himalayan state.
Kathmandu is the nation’s capital and largest city. Nepal is a multiethnic nation with Nepali as the official language.
Population Mix: –
According to 2011 census the population of Nepal was 26,494,504 and the population growth rate is 1.35%.
Nepal remains isolated from the world’s major land, air and sea transport routes although, within the country, aviation is in a better state, with 47 airports, 11 of them with paved runways; flights are frequent and support a sizable traffic. The hilly and mountainous terrain in the northern two-thirds of the country has made the building of roads and other infrastructure difficult and expensive.
The overall literacy rate (for population age 5 years and above) increased from 54.1% in 2001 to 65.9% in 2011. The male literacy rate was 75.1% compared to the female literacy rate of 57.4%. The highest literacy rate was reported in Kathmandu district (86.3%) and lowest in Rautahat (41.7%).
Public Health in Nepal
Public health and health care services in Nepal are provided by both the public and private sectors and fare poorly by international standards. According to 2011 census, more than one-third (38.17%) of the total households do not have a toilet. Nepal ranked 139th in life expectancy in 2010 with the average Nepali living to 65.8 years.
Diseases are more prevalent in Nepal than in other South Asian countries, especially in rural areas. Leading diseases and illnesses include diarrhea, gastrointestinal disorders, goiters, intestinal parasites, leprosy, visceral leishmaniasis and tuberculosis.
Corporates in Nepal: –
- The Maxcore Corporation Pvt. Ltd
- Unilever Nepal
- Corporate Catalyst
- Python Leather Goods & Handicrafts Pvt. Ltd
- Renko Pen Mfg Ind
Healthcare scenario in Nepal: –
Healthcare is an important sector from a socio-economic perspective in Nepal. The quality of healthcare impacts life expectancy and overall health of workforce; and at the same time the cost of healthcare impacts household spending patterns and hence the economy. In Nepal, the sector ranks unfavorably against global averages on both health “inputs” as well as “outcomes”. The inputs-side of healthcare includes infrastructure, availability of skilled physicians, and availability as well as distribution of life saving vaccines and pharmaceuticals. On average, Nepal has 0.9 hospital beds per 1000 people21; and 0.36 physicians per 100022.
Distribution of Healthcare Consultations in Nepal
Distribution of Jobs in the Healthcare Sector
Public and Private Sector Activity in Nepal
Challenges facing the Healthcare Sector in Nepal
Major Medical Colleges in the Country
1. Nobel Medical College
Nobel Medical College Teaching Hospital (P) Ltd., an affiliate to Kathmandu University, was founded in 2007. The college is located in Biratnagar. The Hospital presently has 900 beds of its own at full function. It serves the patients from various communities of Nepal and adjoining districts of India Nepalgunj Medical College
2. Chitwan Medical College
A 750-bedded teaching hospital, popularly known as CMC, has been provided for the students as a place for clinical study and posting only after successful completion of Integrated Basic Medical Science hours.
3. Nepal Medical College
Nepal Medical College Pvt. Ltd (NMC) is situated at Attarkhel of Jorpati Village Development Committee, in Kathmandu, about 11 km. northeast of Kathmandu city. It lies at the foot hill of a mound. It has a quiet and tranquil environment, required of a medical college and a teaching hospital
4. B.P Koirala Institute of Medical Sciences
B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences (BPKIHS) was established on Jan 18, 1993 and subsequently upgraded as an autonomous Health Sciences University on Oct 28, 1998 with a mandate to work towards developing socially responsible and competent health workforce, providing health care & involving in innovative health research.
5. Manipal College of Medical Sciences
Manipal College of Medical Sciences (MCOMS), Pokhara, started in 1994 as a collaboration between the Manipal Group and the Government of Nepal. The 700 bed Manipal Teaching Hospital (MTH), Pokhara, was inaugurated in 1998. The college and hospital, with modern facilities for medical education and healthcare is affiliated to Kathmandu University.
6. Bir Hospital
Bir Hospital is the oldest hospital of Nepal. This hospital was established in 1947 BS, under the name of contemporary Prime Minister Bir Shamsher Jung Bahadur Rana. It is 600 bedded hospital
7. Lumbini Medical College & Research Center Pvt. Ltd.
LMC Teaching Hospital is the premier Medical Institute of Nepal. It is a 600 bedded Hospital
Major Private Hospitals in the Country
1. Norvic International Hospital
2. Alka Hospital
3. Grande International Hospital
4. Chirayu National Hospital
5. B&B Hospital
6. Capital Hospital Pvt. Ltd
7. Medicare National Hospital & Research Center
Top Diagnostic Centers in Nepal
1. Reliable Diagnostic Laboratory
2. Nepal Diagnostic Center Pvt. Ltd
3. Kundalini Diagnostic Center
4. Samyak Diagnostic Center Pvt. Ltd
5. Sooriya Diagnostics
6. K-Lab (Krown Lab and Referral Center)
Most Populous Cities in Nepal: –
1. Kathmandu (1.003 million)
2. Pokhara (2,64,991)
3. Patan (2,26,728)
4. Biratnagar (2,04,949)
5. Janakpur (1,69,287)
6. Siddharath Nagar (16,383)
7. Hetauda (1,52,875)
8. Bharatpur (14,7777)
9. Tulsipur (14,1258)
10. Birgunj (13,9068)
Investment Opportunities in Nepal
Growth in medical consumables and equipment is correlated with growth in the private healthcare market. Medical supplies and devices are critical to the effective functioning of healthcare facilities, and form a significant part of set-up costs as well as on-going operational expenses. It is estimated that medical equipment account for approximately 40% of the cost for setting up a tertiary hospital in a developing country like India; and medical supplies and devices can contribute up to one-fourth of the average cost of treating each hospitalized patient. As hospitals, clinics and diagnostic centers grow; a corresponding growth in demand for medical consumables and equipment can be expected. For instance, in India, growth of 15% CAGR in private healthcare segment since 2012 has seen corresponding growth of in 20.8% CAGR in medical consumables and equipment in the same period.
Nepal is import-reliant to meet demand for Medical Consumables and Tools. Healthcare facilities in Nepal procure almost all their medical consumables from other countries, with India, China and USA being the largest exporters of medical consumables and equipment from other countries. In 2013 over US$ 54.6 million worth of medical consumables and equipment were imported, and this import has been growing at a CAGR of 17.6% since 2010