Healthcare Scenario of Afghanistan

Healthcare Scenario of Afganistan

 

Are you planning to build or restructure or venture in any healthcare venture in Afghanistan? Looking for information about the major healthcare players in Government, Private diagnostic centers that are available in Afghanistan? Are you looking to find out which part of the of the city’s is best to venture in or what all facilities are available and what all should be planned for new setup? In this article Hospaccx Healthcare Consultancy has mapped all on major players in terms of medical facilities and healthcare scenario in Afghanistan.

Overview

Afghanistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia. Afghanistan is bordered by Pakistan in the south and east; Iran in the west; Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan in the north; and in the far northeast, China.

Pashto and Dari are the official languages of Afghanistan; bilingualism is very common.

Agricultural production is the backbone of Afghanistan’s economy. The country is known for producing some of the finest pomegranates, grapes, apricots, melons, and several other fresh and dry fruits. It is also known as the world’s largest producer of opium. “Afghani” (AFN) is the national currency of Afghanistan.

Over 99% of the Afghan population is Muslim.

Population Mix

In 2016, Afghanistan Population was 34,656,032; of which 17,864,423 were males(51.55%) and 16,791,609 were females(51.55%)

Life Expectancy 63.7 years, female life expectancy was 65 years and male life expectancy was 62.4 years.

Sex ratio 106.38 males per 100 females (2015).

In 2015 was Literacy Rate 38.2%, male 52% and female 24.2%.

Health Expenditure was 8.2% of GDP in 2014.

Mortality rate of Afghanistan

In 2016, adult female and male mortality rate was found to be 202.5 and 244.5 per 1000 individuals respectively. Infant mortality rate was 53.2 per 1000 live births,40 and 70.4 per 1000 live births were the neonatal and child under 5 age mortality rates respectively. In 2015, Maternal Mortality was found to be 396 per 100000 live births.

Vulnerabilities

Afghanistan is in a geologically active area where earthquakes may occur almost every year. They can be deadly and destructive sometimes, causing landslides in some parts or avalanches during the winter.

Economy of Afghanistan

The GDP figure in 2016 was $19,454 million, Afghanistan is 112 in the ranking of GDP of the 196 countries. The GDP per capita of Afghanistan in 2016 was $561.

Afghanistan is known for producing some of the finest fruits and vegetables, especially pomegranates, apricots, grapes, melons, and mulberries. Several provinces in the north of the country (i.e. Badghis and Samangan) are famous for pistachio cultivation. Wheat and cereal production is Afghanistan’s traditional agricultural mainstay. Animal husbandry an important part of the economy.

GDP compositions are Agriculture, Industry and services 24%, 21% and 55%.

Connectivity

Air

Air transport in Afghanistan is provided by the national carrier, Ariana Afghan Airlines (AAA), and by private companies such as Afghan Jet International, East Horizon Airlines, Kam Air, Pamir Airways, and Safi Airways. Airlines from a number of countries also provide flights in and out of the country. These include Air India, Emirates, Gulf Air, Iran Aseman Airlines, Pakistan International Airlines, and Turkish Airlines.

The country has four international airports: Hamid Karzai International Airport (formerly Kabul International Airport), Kandahar International Airport, Herat International Airport, and Mazar-e Sharif International Airport. There are also around a dozen domestic airports with flights to Kabul and other major cities.

Growth Plans of Afghanistan

Afghanistan Transport update (2017-2036)

The Master Plan Update covers roads, railways, civil aviation, urban transport, and trade logistics, and administrative responsibilities concerned with transport infrastructure and operations. As transportation in Afghanistan is central to social stability and peace-building efforts, the development results generated by the master plan will extend beyond the boundaries of the transport sector.

Trans-Hindukush Road Connectivity Project. 

The Hindukush Mountain range spreads across a vast piece of central Asia, including much of eastern Afghanistan. Travel throughout this region is limited and road conditions are generally poor. This project will provide aid to the Afghan government to rebuild and maintain roads spanning the Hindukush mountain region. Improved transportation infrastructure will bring economic growth as well as increased access to resources for people living in remote areas. The project started in 2015 and will come to a close in 2022.

Urban Development Support Project. 

The Urban Development Support Project was implemented to strengthen urban policy making and development on both the national and provincial level. The project aims to improve city planning capabilities, census and data management and urban institution development and accountability. The project completion is projected for 2020.

Herat Electrification Project. 

A small province in western Afghanistan, people in the Herat province have limited access to electricity. This project aims to provide homes and businesses in this region with a sustainable source of power. The World Bank group plans to accomplish this by expanding the electrical grid in the region. The project began in 2017 and will hopefully be complete by 2022.

Healthcare Scenario of Afghanistan

There are nine types of Health Facilities at multi- levels of health care delivery, including the Health Post, Sub Centre, Basic Health Centre (BHC), Comprehensive Health Centre (CHC), Comprehensive Health Centre plus (CHC+),District Hospital (DH), Provincial Hospital (PH), Regional Hospital (RgH) and National Hospitals (NH)

In spite of above health facilities, the condition of health care system in Afghanistan is below average and a matter of worry. One of the major issues in the sector is unavailability of medicine and the quality of available medicine. Many patients are unable find enough number of doctors or hospitals in different parts of the country.

People mostly choose to go the neighbouring countries for serious health problems. There are many people who visit Pakistan and India every year for better medical facilities.

Though there are government hospitals in the country, the quality of services provided by government hospitals is really very low, their number is insufficient and they establishment lack in most of the remote areas; therefore, it is difficult for most of the people to have access to them. On the other hand private hospitals have been established but the expense is unaffordable by the people.

Government Hospitals in Afghanistan

Ali Abad Hospital

It is one of the most experienced medical and therapeutic hospitals in the country. The hospital established in the August month of the year 1933. The hospital has expansion of various wards including (12) departments and (250) beds.

Chak-e-Wardak Hospital

Since 1989 the suffering people of Afghanistan have found help at the Chak-e-Wardak Hospital. It is taking care of more than 100,000 patients per year, about 75 % of them being women and children. The hospital has always been a relief especially for the poor rural population. The Hospital is the only thoroughly equipped hospital of Wardak offering both 60 beds for inpatients and various outpatient units. Contrary to hospitals, clinics and private doctor’s surgeries in the cities, treatment in the Chak-e-Wardak Hospital is almost for free. The rural people can afford the services our hospital is offering.

Private Hospitals in Afghanistan

Blossom Health Care Centre

Established in 2004 and located in the centre of Kabul, Blossom Health Care Centre (BHCC) is a 30-bed private hospital with an Intensive Care Unit, ICU, 24/7 emergency room service and round the clock clinical lab and radiology services equipped with modern technology offering patient-centred care to local as well as foreign patients.

Afgan Arya Hospital

It was established in 2006. The structure of the hospital meets with the international standards and the standards of Ministry of Public Health of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan.

The Afghan Arya Hospital has succeeded to sparkle as an advanced diagnostic and therapeutic center in Afghanistan, providing the best treatment with the help of local and international medical specialists and researchers, for our people.

Ibn Sina Emengency Hospital

Ibn Sina Emergency Hospital was originally a large hospital that dealt exclusively with emergency cases but has since been mandated to treat all patients that seek care. With divisions for general surgery, ear, nose and throat care, neurosurgery and vascular specializations, the 250-bedded hospital.

Single Speciality Hospitals in Afghanistan

French Medical Institute for mother and Children

It is an innovative of four-way partnership between the Government of Afghanistan, the Government of France, the Aga Khan Development Network (AKDN) and the French NGO, La Chaîne de l’Espoir. The Aga Khan University manages FMIC on behalf of AKDN.

CURE Afghanistan

Established in 2015, CURE Afghanistan provides high quality maternity and pediatric care, general surgery, and family health care.

Ataturk Children’s Hospital

Hospital founded in cooperation with the Turkish government, is one of the largest local children’s hospitals in Kabul. Ataturk is equipped with 200 beds and treats a myriad of issues facing the children of Kabul.

Surgical Centre for War Victims

The hospital staff provide free, high-quality healthcare to the victims of the conflict. The EMERGENCY Centre in Kabul has 3 operating rooms, an intensive care unit, a sub-intensive care unit and 6 wards for patients.

Ibn Sina Cardiac Hospital

The Ibn Sina Cardiac Hospital is the only cardiac hospital in the country with 65 of 100 beds in operational service. Afghans are forced to travel from around the country to seek specialized care at Ibn Sina Cardiac.

Diagnostic Centres in Afganistan

DK – German Medical Diagnostic Center Ltd

The first private healthcare provider in Afghanistan serving you since February 14th, 2005. The DK – German Medical Diagnostic Center Ltd. works under and respects the provision of the constitution of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan.

Conclusion

Country has government hospitals but provides below average quality of service, they have private hospitals but its too expense to afford by the population over there. The patients are forced to visit neighbouring counties due to inadequate number of doctors and lack of specialized services. Corruption and loose control, regarding the quality of medicine that is sold to the common people, are responsible for further debilitating the health of the people instead of supporting them during their ill health.

The country is in much need of healthcare that provides them quality services and specialized care at affordable rates. And also Medical colleges to fill the gap of inadequate number of doctors or healthcare workers.

if you need any support in planning and designing of a new hospital you can contact us: Hospaccx healthcare business consulting Pvt. Ltd on: hospaccx.india@gmail.com. Or you can visit our website www.hhbc.in.

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