Healthcare Scenario of Kenya

Healthcare Scenario of Kenya

Are you planning to build or restructure or venture in any healthcare venture in Kenya? Looking for information about the major healthcare players in Government, Private diagnostic centers that are available in Kenya? Are you looking to find out which part of the of the city’s is best to venture in or what all facilities are available and what all should be planned for new setup? In this article Hospaccx Healthcare Consultancy has mapped all on major players in terms of medical facilities and healthcare scenario in Kenya.

Kenya is one of the 6 countries of the East Africa Community (EAC) and is widely regarded as the business hub for East Africa. The economy is growing, the workforce is strong and capable, the population young and educated, and English being one of the national languages (besides Kiswahili). Together with the economy, Kenya’s middle class (44.9% of total population) and the demand for quality healthcare is on the rise. The capital and largest city is Nairobi.


Fig. 1 In Kenya, highest population is of Christians 83% followed by Muslim 11.2%, Traditionalists 1.7% & Others 4%.


Kenya’s economic recovery continued to gain momentum at the outset of the second quarter against the backdrop of a stable political scene. Exports picked up at the start of the year, growing at a double-digit pace in January and February 16, while imports slowed significantly, narrowing the trade deficit. Meanwhile, improved weather conditions are helping to lift agricultural output. While the economy is showing signs of an upturn, the country’s financial stability remains fragile as the debt burden continues to mount. Kenya’s economy is mainly based on Agriculture, Forestry & Fishing, Mining & Tourism.


Jomo Kenyatta International Airport is the country’s main international airport, and it is located in Nairobi. It is one of the largest airports in the East African region, and the 9th busiest in Africa. Most of the Indian International Airports are connected to Nairobi with frequent flights.

Main Corporates in Kenya


Growth Plan of Kenya

Kenya Vision 2030 is the country’s development program from 2008 to 2030. It was launched on 10 June 2008 by President Mwai Kibaki. Its objective is to help transform Kenya into a “newly industrializing, middle-income (income exceeding World’s average currently at US$10000) country providing a high quality of life to all its citizens by 2030 in a clean and secure environment.” developed through “an all-inclusive and participatory stakeholder consultative process, involving Kenyans from all parts of the country”. The Vision is based on 3 “pillars”: Economic, Social, and Political.

The Vision 2030 strategy focus on reforms and development across 10 key sectors:

  • Infrastructure 
  • Science, Technology and Innovation.
  • Public Sector Reforms.
  • Tourism.
  • Agriculture.
  • Trade.
  • Manufacturing.
  • BPO (Business Process Outsourcing) & ICT (Information Communication & Technology).
  • Financial Services.
  • Education & Training.

Medical Tourism

Currently approximately 7000 to 10,000 Kenyans are traveling abroad to fulfil their healthcare needs. This is equal to about KES 7-10 billion (approx. USD 70-100 million). The services that are usually sought abroad are divided as follows:

  • Cancer related 37%
  • Renal related 21%
  • Cardiac related 19%
  • General surgery 23%

The large majority of Kenyans who are traveling to seek medical care go to India (60%).

Inbound Medical Travel

Apart from Kenyans traveling abroad to seek healthcare, there are also approximately 3,000-5,000 foreigners each year that seek care in Kenya (inbound medical tourism). This translates to an approximated amount of KES. 3billion annually.

Fig. 2: Inbound Medical Travel from neighbor countries.

People from Sudan constitutes the highest percentage of Inbound Medical Travel.

Some Important Health Statistics

Major Infectious Diseases in Kenya


Top 5 causes of Mortality in Kenya

  • HIV/AIDS 15%
  • Lower Respiratory Infections 12%
  • Diarrheal Diseases 6%
  • Protein-Energy Malnutrition 4%
  • Birth Asphyxia & Trauma 4%

A recent study by the Global Burden of Disease collaborative network published in The Lancet HIV shows that the number of new HIV infections in Kenya is rising faster than in any other country in sub-Saharan Africa. Between 2005 and 2015, the number of new HIV cases grew by an average of 7 % per year, one of the highest increases in the world.

Healthcare Scenario in Kenya

Kenya’s private sector of health is one of the most advanced and dynamic in Sub-Saharan Africa and is the main source of health care even for the nation’s poorest people. The private health sector is larger and more easily accessible than both the public and the non-profit health sectors in terms of facilities and personnel. According to a World Bank report, nearly half of the poorest 20 percent of Kenyans use a private health facility when a child is sick.

Healthcare Infrastructure (Rural versus Urban)

Approximately 75% of Kenyans live in rural areas, yet the majority of the health facilities are in the urban areas. The people from the rural areas often have to travel long distances, often on foot, to receive healthcare. According to the World Bank, the index of access to health services (measuring the share of new-borns delivered at a health facility) in Kenya “speaks volumes to this disparity. For example, over eight in ten children born in Kirinyaga county, which is located in the central part of the country, are delivered in a health facility. In Wajir, which is located in one of the most remote and marginalized regions of the country, one child in twenty is born in a health facility.”

Healthcare facilities in Kenya are unevenly dispersed. Most of the Hospitals are located in Eastern & Central Region & rest of the regions in Kenya have very less number of Hospitals.

Fig. 3 Spread of Healthcare Facilities in Kenya


Distribution of Health Facilities by Ownership & Level of Care.

In Kenya, Total Public-Sector hospitals are 3956, FBO’s hospitals are 881, NGOs have 306 hospitals & Private sector has 2652 hospitals.

Healthcare related Human Resources in Kenya (2016)

Major Medical Institutions in Kenya

Government Institutions

School of medicine, University of Nairobi & Kenyatta National Teaching and Referral Hospital – 1800 Beds

The School started on 3rd July 1967 now has 14 departments and thematic units with a vibrant faculty of 239 members of Academic Staff specialized in various fields. Besides training, research and health policy formulation, it offers specialized service to patients in KNTR Hospital– a 1800 bed level 6 Hospital, the largest in the region.

College of Health Sciences – MOI University

Moi University is among the best public university in Kenya that train health care providers. This is the first college to be formed in Moi University in 2011 and has four schools; medicine, nursing, public health and dentistry). This college also offers post graduate courses in 8 disciplines.

School of Medicine – Kenyatta university

The School of Medicine was established in August 2004 as a Center of Health research, capacity building and product development. This college offers both Graduate & Post Graduate level Medical courses.

Dept. of Clinical medicine & Surgery – Egerton University

The department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery was founded in 1999. It is credited as the first ever medical oriented department in Egerton University. Currently both diploma and degree courses in Clinical Medicine and Surgery are being offered by the department.

Private Institutions

College of Health Sciences – Mount Kenya University

They are the first private chartered University to offer Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery. Along with this they are also offering graduate courses in Pharmacy, Nursing & Public Health.

Outspan Medical College & Hospital – 120 beds

They are currently offering 11 Diploma programs and 6 certificate programs & 9 different short courses. The hospital is planning to offer degree courses shortly. The hospital is already equipped with 120 bedded multi-specialty hospital & ICU.

Major Public Hospitals

Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital (MTRH) – 1000 Beds

This hospital was started in 1916 with a bed capacity of 60 to cater for the Africans Health Needs. Currently, the Hospital serves as a level six Hospital offering specialized healthcare services.

The Nairobi Hospital – 355 Beds

The institution was officially opened on 9 April 1954, as an exclusively European Hospital, in Kenya, which was then a colony of the United Kingdom. On 19 October 1961, it began serving non-Europeans and the name was changed to The Nairobi Hospital.

The Aga Khan University Hospital (AKUH) – 280 Beds

This is a multi-specialty tertiary care hospital in Nairobi is part of the Aga Khan Health Services (AKHS). Established in 1958, the hospital offers quality general medical services, specialist clinics and high-tech diagnostic services.

Major Private Hospitals

M.P. Shah Hospital – 210 Beds

This is one of the famous private hospitals in Nairobi, Kenya. It is a multi-specialty hospital specialized for Oncology & Diabetes care & treatment.

Avenue Healthcare – 113 Beds

Established in 1995, the avenue group run 2 hospitals. One in Kisumu & other in Nairobi & thirteen clinics – six in Nairobi; two in kisumu; and one each in Mombasa, Thika, Nakuru, Ongata Rongai, and Eldoret.

Mater hospital – 137 beds

The Mater Hospital Kenya was founded in 1962 by Sisters of Mercy, it was converted to a non-profit Trust and the Sisters continue to oversee the administration of the hospital as Trustees and to participate in the Governing meetings and various operational parts of the hospital. The hospital is specialized in Cardiac care.

Karen Hospital – 103 beds

Established in 2006, the Karen Hospital is a multi-specialty healthcare provider providing emergency and critical care along with rehabilitation services.

Getrudes Hospital – 100 beds

It is a multi-specialty Pediatric hospital, deals with all kind of Pediatric cases. It is the Largest Pediatric Hospital in East and Central Africa established since 1947.

Major Diagnostic Centers

Sunshine Medical Diagnostic Center, Nairobi

Diagnostic Center Kenya Limited, Nairobi

Nairobi Pathology & Diagnostic Center

Pathcare, Nairobi

Prime Diagnostic Center, Nairobi


Kenya is one of the fastest growing countries in Africa. It has established healthcare market primarily ruled by Private sector. Despite of enormous growth in recent years, there are many spots yet to be covered. Hospitals are mostly located in eastern & central Kenya giving opportunities to new hospitals to cover rest of the regions. New quality hospitals with proper infrastructures can also stop the trend in Kenyan citizens to travel for Medical tourism. Kenya is also growing as a medical hub for neighboring countries giving another reason to new hospitals to come & prosper in the country.

if you need any support in planning and designing of a new hospital you can contact us: Hospaccx healthcare business consulting Pvt. Ltd on: [email protected] Or you can visit our website


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