Healthcare Scenario of Bahrain


Are you planning to build or restructure or venture in any healthcare venture in Bahrain? Looking for information about the major healthcare players in government, private diagnostic centers that are available in Bahrain? Are you looking to find out which part of the of the city’s is best to venture in or what all facilities are available and what all should be planned for new setup? In this article Hospaccx Healthcare Consultancy has mapped all on major players in terms of medical facilities and healthcare scenario of Bahrain.

Bahrain – the name means “two seas” – was one of the first states in the Gulf to discover oil and to build a refinery. It is situated in a bay on the southwestern coast of the Persian Gulf. It is an archipelago consisting of Bahrain Island and some 30 smaller islands. It is situated between the Qatar peninsula and the north eastern coast of Saudi Arabia & is third-smallest nation in Asia after the Maldives and Singapore. It has been famed since antiquity for its pearl fisheries, which were considered the best in the world into the 19th century.



Bahrain had the first post-oil economy in the Persian Gulf. Since the late 20th century, Bahrain has invested in the banking and tourism sectors. Many large financial institutions have a presence in Manama, the country’s capital. It has a high Human Development Index and was recognized by the World Bank as a high-income economy. According to a January 2006 report by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia, Bahrain has the fastest-growing economy in the Arab world. Bahrain also has the freest economy in the Middle East and is twelfth-freest overall in the world based on the 2011 Index of Economic Freedom published by the Heritage Foundation/Wall Street Journal.

A large share of exports consists of petroleum products made from imported crude oil, which accounted for 51% of the country’s imports in 2007. Bahrain depends heavily on food imports to feed its growing population; it relies heavily on meat imports from Australia and also imports 75% of its total fruit consumption needs. Unemployment, especially among the young, and the depletion of both oil and underground water resources are major long-term economic problems.


By Air: Bahrain owns two airports. Among them Bahrain International Airport is the main international airport in the country. It is well connected to the major metros of India.

Major Corporates in Bahrain

Growth Plan of Bahrain

Bahrain National Planning Development Strategy: The National Plan seeks to transform Bahrain into a prosperous and innovative city-state of the 21st Century. This Master Plan will serve the government and economy of Bahrain when the country’s petroleum resources become depleted. The plan addresses issues such as natural resources, inadequate housing, lack of zoning, weak transport infrastructure, insufficient public open space and the need for improved education and comprehensive employment. The National Plan of Bahrain lays out 10 key strategies that coordinate and focus development, control land speculation, protect resources, preserve historic and ecologically important sites, integrate transport and ensure public access to open space and the waterfront. By confronting these issues today, Bahrain will be prepared to meet future challenges with confidence.

Bahrain Planning Principles

  1. Create one plan enabling an intelligent, sustainable national planning effort under a focused, centralized and predictable vision.
  2. Achieve a market economy specialized in global and regional markets to increase trade, improve productivity, develop higher-profit jobs and create new commercial wealth.
  • Preserve and strengthen environmental resources.
  1. Establish an interconnected, intermodal transportation strategy incorporating dedicated bus, rail and water-based transit.
  2. Build distinct communities that reduce sprawl, efficiently utilize land and transit, help maintain Bahrain’s traditional way of life and preserve historic landmarks.
  3. Define the public waterfront.
  • Protect the country’s cultural and archeological heritage.
  • Meet future military needs by ensuring protection of access to training and staging areas and integrated military land-use strategies.
  1. Green the country.
  2. Promote a sustainable future.

Medical Tourism

Bahrain ranks very low on the Medical Tourism Index for the Arabic nations. With an 11th overall position, it has plenty of work to do in order to increase its medical tourism and the potential international patient inflow. Working on the country’s brand and the way the country is perceived is important, as Bahrain only got to the 10th position for the country environment dimension. It is also to its advantage to start getting certifications and accreditations for all its healthcare industry as a way of becoming a better competitor in the region. After all, the country wants to achieve its goal of becoming a service-oriented economy in the future, but it still has a cost disadvantage and struggles to become attractive to tourists, two important sub-dimensions that should be address, if increasing market share for medical tourism is the goal.

Some Important Health Statistics

The Healthcare Scenario in Bahrain

Bahrain has a universal healthcare system that is free for all Bahraini citizens and heavily subsidized for non-Bahrainis. For many years, the country has striven to become one of the best healthcare providers in the Gulf region, as the government sees healthcare as a way for the country to evolve into a service-oriented economy, once oil revenues start to decline. The Kingdom of Bahrain is recognized for its advanced level in health sector due to its remarkable achievements that have been attained over the years. Healthcare has received great attention, as it is one of the priorities of the government development programs. ‘Health-for-All’ objective was achieved early 1990s, where comprehensive health services are provided to citizens and residents of Bahrain.

The WHO indicates impressive strides made by Bahrain in creating a robust healthcare delivery system, largely due to the kingdom’s investment in quality infrastructure, including hospitals and clinics. Bahrain government’s allocation to healthcare was one the highest in the GCC region at 10.6% of the total expenditure in 2013. As per WHO estimates, the country has some of the best healthcare indicators in the region, and in 2010, its maternal healthcare facilities were recognized as the best in the Middle East by ‘Save the Children’.

Bahrain’s private sector set-up includes 16 hospitals and numerous clinics. The Public sector serves through seven hospitals, 24 healthcare centers and three clinics.

However, as is the case with most GCC (Gulf Co-Operation Council) countries, government hospitals are much larger than their private counterparts, serving 71% of all inpatients and 80% of outpatients through a network with 60% of doctors and 77% of nurses in the country.


Fig. 1: Comparison of Patient Load in Public/Private Sector as per number of OPD/IPD patients. (In %)

The Prevalent Diseases

Communicable diseases are not a threat, but threat of lifestyle diseases is increasing Communicable diseases are well controlled in Bahrain. For instance, since 2004, while HIV/AIDS has increased by 300% in the Arab world, Bahrain has had only 100 mortalities over the past 20 years. However, with the gradual improvement in standards of living, lifestyle-related diseases and other conditions such as cancer, obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disorders are on the rise.

Proportional Mortality in Bahrain

Fig. 2: NCDs (Cardiovascular Diseases, Cancers, CRD, Diabetes) are estimated to account for 78% of total deaths in Bahrain.


Health Insurance in Bahrain

Bahrain has compulsory health insurance schemes in place, both for nationals and expatriates. Expats can choose to be covered by a local or international insurance company.

Healthcare Infrastructure (In terms of Number of Beds) & Number of Healthcare Professionals in different Health-sectors of Bahrain.

Medical Colleges in Bahrain

Major Public Hospitals in Bahrain

1.Salmaniya Medical Complex – 870 Beds

The Salmaniya Medical Complex is a multi-specialty healthcare facility that provides healthcare to all citizens and residents of Bahrain, inaugurated in several phases since 1959. Salmaniya Medical Complex is the largest hospital serving 86% of all MoH inpatients.

2.Bahrain Defence Force Royal Medical Services – 436 Beds

The Bahrain Defence Force Royal Medical Services – Military Hospital, inaugurated in 1968, is one of the most important integrated hospitals in the Kingdom of Bahrain. The hospital received a healthcare accreditation from the Australian Council on Healthcare Standards (ACHS) in 2007. The 2 major components of BDF-RMS include: The Military Hospital & Sheikh Mohammed Bin Khalifa Al-Khalifa Cardiac Center.

3.King Hamad University Hospital – 311 beds

This hospital is inaugurated in February 2012. It comprises secondary healthcare and a transplant center. The hospital also includes educational facilities to serve Bahrain. The hospital consists of nine internal wards, nine digitalized operating theaters, an intensive care unit with a capacity of 12 beds and an Emergency Unit that accommodates 28 beds.

Major Private Hospitals in Bahrain

1.The American Mission Hospital – 50 Beds

It is a private non-profit hospital located in Manama, Bahrain. Established in 1903 as the Mason Memorial Hospital, it was the first modern hospital in the country and possibly, along the entire Persian Gulf region. Today, the hospital offers round-the-clock specialist medical & dental services and operates two satellite clinics in the country.

2.The Bahrain Specialist Hospital (BSH) – 101 Beds

It is a comprehensive acute care medical centre situated in Juffair, in the Kingdom of Bahrain. BSH is supported by shareholders from Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and the United Arab Emirates. The hospital provides more than twenty-five medical specialties, as well as psychiatric and dental care, nutrition and health sciences and plastic surgery. The hospital is also equipped with 6 bedded ICU.

3.Sulaiman Al-Habib Medical Centre

Dr. Sulaiman bin Abdulaziz Al-Habib is the founder and the Chairman of Dr. Sulaiman Al-Habib Medical Group (HMG) which owns and operates a number of hospitals and medical centers in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Kingdom of Bahrain. HMG is currently operating 9 Medical Facilities including General Hospitals, Specialized Hospitals and Medical Centers.

4.The International Hospital of Bahrain

It is one of the major hospitals in the Kingdom of Bahrain and the second private medical center in the kingdom after American Mission Hospital (est. 1903 as Mason Memorial Hospital). It is located in Jidhafs, a northern city in Bahrain.

5.Al Hilal Hospital – 50 Beds

It is a 50 bedded Multi Specialty Hospital in Muharraq, Kingdom of Bahrain. The hospital provides specialty medical and surgical services in all major specialties & is also equipped with OT & ICU services.

Day Care centers

1.Royal Bahrain Hospital – 55 Beds

It is the fifth healthcare institution of the KIMS group in the gulf region. KIMS Bahrain Medical Center is a multi-specialty outpatient medical center with diagnostic facilities.

Single Specialty Hospitals

Gulf Diabetes Specialist Center

It is a medical center located in Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain. It is primarily devoted to the treatment of diabetes and its related complications. It is an outpatient medical center that provides diabetes prevention programs and education and treatment for people with diabetes and their families.

Diagnostic Centers

In Bahrain, there are very few stand-alone Diagnostic & Lab facilities as majority of tests are carried out by in-house facilities of District hospitals & other major hospitals.


The healthcare system of Bahrain is one of the best among GCC countries. The government is also focusing on the healthcare system as they want to develop Bahrain as a hub for Medical Tourism. The health care system is more public oriented but the policy & situation of country is favoring the private hospitals to rise on. The new hospitals who can provide safe, high-quality, compassionate care with quality infrastructure & affordable price has good opportunity to flourish in Bahrain.

If you need any support in planning and designing of a new hospital you can contact us: Hospaccx healthcare business consulting Pvt. Ltd on: [email protected] . Or you can visit our website

Please follow and like us: