Healthcare Scenario of Ethiopia


Are you planning to build or restructure or venture in any healthcare venture in Ethiopia? Looking for information about the major healthcare players in Government, Private diagnostic centers that are available in Ethiopia? Are you looking to find out which part of the of the city’s is best to venture in or what all facilities are available and what all should be planned for new setup? In this article Hospaccx Healthcare Consultancy has mapped all on major players in terms of medical facilities and healthcare scenario in Ethiopia.


Ethiopia the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, is a country located in the Horn of Africa. It shares borders with Eritrea to the north and northeast, Djibouti and Somalia to the east, Sudan and South Sudan to the west, and Kenya to the south. Addis Ababa is the capital of Ethiopia and Oromo and Amharic are the languages used in Ethiopia.

Population Mix


Ethiopia had 61 as of 2016.  Among these, the Bole International Airport in Addis Ababa and the Aba Tenna Dejazmach Yilma International Airport in Dire Dawa accommodate international flights. Ethiopian Airlines is the country’s flag carrier, and is wholly owned by the Government of Ethiopia. 


The economy of Ethiopia is a mixed and transition economywith a large public sector. The Ethiopian government is in the process of privatizing many of the state-owned businesses and moving toward a market economy.[9] However, the bankingtelecommunication and transportation sectors of the economy are dominated by government-owned companies.

In 2017, GDP= $ 79.79 billion

GDP per capita = $2,104.

In 2015, GDP by sector – Agriculture = 35.60%

Services = 42.2%

Industry = 22.2%

Growth Plans of Ethiopia

1.Expressway Development Support Project

The project development objective of the Expressway Development Support Project for Ethiopia is to enhance efficiency and safety in the movement of goods and people along the Batu (Zeway)-Arsi Negele section of the Modjo-Hawassa development corridor, whilst strengthening the Recipient’s institutional capacity to develop and manage high capacity highways and expressways.

2.Mega Project

Ethiopia intended to produce 12,000 MW by 2020 at a total cost of 25 billion USD. The 4.7 billion USD project, the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, is expected to generate 6450 MW electricity. With this, the country is planning to export power to neighboring countries and beyond.


The government has given attention to hydro-power production. Moreover, efforts are underway to exploit alternative renewable energy sources such as wind and geothermal, the Adama II Wind Farm (153 MW) and Alulta geothermal project (70 Mega) being the major ones.

4.Addis Ababa Light Rail projects

Ethio-Djibouti Railway, one of the eight new railway projects planned to be constructed, has gone operational. This provides reliable transport service, both passenger and freight, with low cost. As Ethiopia is a niche market in a good geographical position, the railway transport is expected to be a game changer in the country’s import-export trade.

Major Corporates in Ethiopia

Healthcare Scenario of Ethiopia

Healthcare Infrastructure in Ethiopia

The health status of Ethiopia is poor, even when related to other low-income countries including those in sub-Saharan Africa. The population suffers from a huge burden of potentially preventable diseases such as HIV, malaria, tuberculosis, intestinal parasites, acute respiratory infections and diarrhoeal diseases. The health indicators are generally poor, though there are improvements observed.

Health sector reviews, however, indicate that patients suffering from HIV/AIDS-related conditions may occupy more than 50% of hospital beds at any given time. Other conditions responsible for admission include tuberculosis, malaria, respiratory infections, trauma, pregnancy-related conditions and complications of measles

Ethiopia experiences a triple burden of disease mainly attributed to communicable infectious diseases and nutritional deficiencies, NCD and traffic accident. Shortage and high turnover of human resource and inadequacy of essential drugs and supplies have also contributed to the burden.

Ethiopia is among 57 countries in the world identified by WHO to be facing a critical shortage of health workforce.  In Ethiopia, per 10 000 population, there are <0.5 physicians, 2 nursing and midwifery workers, <0.5 dentistry workers, <0.5 pharmaceutical personnel, 3 community health workers and 2 hospital beds.

The shortage, uneven distribution, poor skill mix and high attrition of trained health professionals remain the major concerns.

The medicine supply system is unreliable and has long procurement procedures, resulting in low availability of medicines. Availability of essential medicines is 52% in the public sector and 88% in the private sector.

The service utilization rate remains low, partly due to the burden of high out-of-pocket spending that restricts an already poor society from health care utilization. The Government has initiated and is implementing community-based health insurance and social health insurance schemes to address financial barriers to accessing health services.

Poverty, Lack of access to safe drinking water, Lack of sanitation facilities, High rate of migration, under developed health system are the determinant of ill health.

In 2014, Total Health Expenditure (% of GDP) = 4.88%

. Public Health Expenditure (% of GDP) = 2.87%

Private Health Expenditure (% of GDP) = 2.02%

List of Medical colleges in Ethiopia

1.St Paul’s Millennium Medical College

Established in 2007, has more the 700 inpatient beds. The College initiated Ethiopia’s first integrated modular and hybrid problem-based curriculum for its undergraduate medical education, and is currently expanding to postgraduate programs and diversifying its undergraduate program offerings.

2.New Generation University College (NGUC)

It is a private college in Ethiopia, established in 2002.

3.Myungsung Christian Medical Center

It is located in the southeastern part of Addis Ababa, the capital city of Ethiopia.

4.University of Gondar

It is one of the oldest universities in Ethiopia. Established in 1954 as a Public Health College and Training Centre.

5.Haramaya University (HU)

It is a public research university in Easter Ethiopia, established in 1954.

6.Hawassa University (HU)

It is a comprehensive university which was established in 2000.

List of Hospitals in Ethiopia

1.Kadisco Hospital

It is a general hospital was inaugurate on May 1 2007.

2.Landmark General Hospital

It was founded in 2008.

3.Bethzatha General Hospital

The hospital has two wings, the North and South Wing with a total of 173 beds, established in 2000.

4.The Nordic Medical Centre (NMC)

Established in 2012, is staffed by highly experienced international and Ethiopian medical professionals.

5.St.Luke Catholic Hospital

Hospital has 200 beds, is situated in Wolisso Town, the capital of the Southwest Shoa Zone, Oromia Regional State.

6.Bilal Hospital

It is 50bedded, located in the heart of the city of Dire Dawa, Ethiopia.

List of Single Speciality Hospital\

1.CURE Ethiopia

It is a pediatric orthopedic teaching hospital located in Ethiopia’s capital city, Addis Ababa. Opened in 2008.

2.Addis Cardiac Hospital

It takes pride in being the first specialized Cardiovascular hospital in Ethiopia, established in 2006.

3.Cheshire Services

It is an independent non-profit making organisation who provide orthopedic and social rehabilitation services for children and young people with disabilities in Ethiopia.

Diagnostic Centres in Ethiopia

1.Wudassie Diagnostic Centre (WDC) 

Founded in 2008, is one of the first diagnostic centres with MRI, CT scan Digital X-ray, Ultrasound, EKG and Ambulance service in the country.

2.Pioneer Diagnostic Centre-Addis Ababa Ethiopia

3.Afei Diagnostic Centre– Addis Ababa, Ethiopia


To improve the quality of health services, the country needs to focus on quality health services at standard health facilities at all levels, including speedy delivery and effectiveness of services, patient safety, and professionalism, with adequate numbers of health workers and sufficient finance and pharmaceuticals. Hence, country has a wide scope for hospitals, medical colleges.

if you need any support in planning and designing of a new hospital you can contact us: Hospaccx healthcare business consulting Pvt. Ltd on: [email protected] Or you can visit our website


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