Healthcare Scenario of Philippines


Are you planning to build or restructure or venture in any healthcare venture in Philippines? Looking for information about the major healthcare players in Government, Private diagnostic centers that are available in Philippines? Are you looking to find out which part of the of the city’s is best to venture in or what all facilities are available and what all should be planned for new setup? In this article Hospaccx Healthcare Consultancy has mapped all on major players in terms of medical facilities and healthcare scenario in Philippines.

Below is the superficial and macro level survey if you need a refined market and financial feasibility or any other study related to healthcare is required you can contact Hospaccx Healthcare business consulting Pvt. ltd on [email protected] or [email protected] Or you can visit our website on

The Philippines, officially the Republic of the Philippines is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia. Situated in the western Pacific Ocean, it consists of about 7,641 islands that are categorized broadly under three main geographical divisions from north to south: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. The capital city of the Philippines is Manila and the most populous city is Quezon City, both part of Metro Manila. Bounded by the South China Sea on the west, the Philippine Sea on the east and the Celebes Sea on the southwest, the Philippines shares maritime borders with Taiwan to the north, Vietnam to the west, Palau to the east and Malaysia and Indonesia to the south.

The Rural-Urban Dichotomy

Fig.1: 44.20% of population resides in Urban Area while 55.80% of population lives in Rural Area.


The Philippines is considered to be an emerging market and a newly industrialized country, which has an economy transitioning from being based on agriculture to one based more on services and manufacturing. The Philippine economy is the 34th largest in the world, with an estimated 2017 gross domestic product (nominal) of $348.593 billion. Primary exports include semiconductors and electronic products, transport equipment, garments, copper products, petroleum products, coconut oil, and fruits.

A newly industrialized country, the Philippine economy has been transitioning from one based upon agriculture to an economy with more emphasis upon services and manufacturing. Of the country’s total labor force of around 40.813 Million, the agricultural sector employs 30% of the labor force, and accounts for 14% of GDP. The industrial sector employs around 14% of the workforce and accounts for 30% of GDP. Meanwhile, the 47% of workers involved in the services sector are responsible for 56% of GDP.

The unemployment rate as of Dec. 2014, stands at 6.0%. Meanwhile, due to lower charges in basic necessities, the inflation rate eases to 3.7% in November. The daily income for 45% of the population of the Philippines remains less than $2. The economy is heavily reliant upon remittances from overseas Filipinos, which surpass foreign direct investment as a source of foreign currency.


Iloilo Airport is the major International airport in Philippines & the country is well connected to India with flights from major metro cities of India.

Top 5 corporates in Philippines

Growth plan of Philippines

Under the current plan, the target is to reduce poverty incidence from 21.6 percent in 2015 to 14.0 percent by 2022. This is equivalent to lifting about 6 million people out of poverty. Specifically, poverty in agriculture and in lagging regions with high poverty incidence and inequality will be targeted. Individuals and communities will also be made more resilient by reducing their exposure to risks, mitigating the impact of risks, and accelerating recovery when the risk materializes. Moreover, innovation will be encouraged as the country sets its eyes on graduating to a knowledge economy in order to accelerate growth in the future.

The Healthcare Scenario in Philippines

Some Important Health Statistics

Philippine health status indicators show that the country lags behind most of South-East and North Asia in terms of health outcomes. Communicable diseases continue to be major causes of morbidity and mortality in the Philippines. As shown in Table 1-4 and 1-5, infectious diseases such as tuberculosis and pneumonia are leading causes of death. Malaria and leprosy remain a problem in a number of regions of the country.

The rise in non-communicable diseases along with the existing prevalence of infectious diseases indicates the Philippines is in an epidemiologic transition characterized by a double burden of disease. This disease pattern indicates that even as degenerative diseases and other lifestyle-related illnesses are increasing, communicable diseases are still widely prevalent.

Proportional Mortality in Philippines

Fig. 2: NCDs (CRDs, CVDs, Cancers & Diabetes) are estimated to account for 67% of total deaths.

The Health System

The Ministry of Health, or the Department of Health, provides national health policies and standards. The provision of health services is overseen by local government units and private sector agencies, both of which are responsible for providing health services to communities. Health services are brought by barangay health units, rural health units, city health offices, municipal or district hospitals, provincial and regional hospitals, and medical centers.

Primary care services

Primary care services are provided by both the government and the private sector. The main providers of primary health care services are the LGUs as mandated by the LGC of 1991. Under this set-up, BHCs and RHUs in the municipalities serve as patients´ first place of contact with the health workers. BHCs are staffed by barangay health workers, volunteer community health workers, and midwives, while the RHUs are staffed by doctors, nurses, midwives, medical technologists, sanitary inspectors, nutritionists and volunteer health workers.

A World Bank study (2000) on the type of services provided by health facilities in the Philippines found that 63% of services provided by government primary care facilities are preventive in nature (i.e. immunization, health and nutrition education, family planning services); 30% are for the treatment of minor illnesses and accidents and other services, such as pre/post-natal care and deliveries, and the remainder are for laboratory services.

Private sector health professionals provide primary care services through free-standing private clinics, private clinics in hospitals, and group practice clinics or polyclinics. They generally cater to the paying population who can afford user fees.

Specialized Ambulatory Care/Inpatient Care

Inpatient care is provided by both government and private health care facilities categorized as secondary and tertiary level hospitals. This type of care is reimbursed by PhilHealth. Filipinos who can afford it receive inpatient care services in private clinics and hospitals that are staffed by specialists and equipped with sophisticated medical equipment. Those who cannot afford private health care go to government facilities that are perceived to be poorly equipped and often lack supplies.

There are also a small number of ambulatory surgical clinics (ASCs) which provide day surgeries and ambulatory procedures. This care is eligible for reimbursement through PhilHealth, although a present there only 42 ASCs and all are located in urban areas.

Traditional medicine practice

Traditional medicine and complementary and alternative medicines are widely used in the Philippines. Filipino traditional medicine has been in practice for more than a thousand years. Many forms of complementary and alternative medicine introduced from other countries are also used, such as Chinese traditional medicine, acupuncture, herbal medicines, chiropractic, homeopathy, and Ayurveda.

In total, there are approximately 1800 hospitals in the Philippines, of which 721 (40%) are public hospitals and 70 are DOH hospitals. In 2010, there were a total of 98,155 hospital beds; 50 percent or 49,372 were in government hospitals. Of the 17 regions, only 4 have sufficient numbers of beds per 1000 population.

Density of Health Personnel in Philippines /1000 Population

  • Doctors – 1.14
  • Nurses – 4.43
  • Dentists – 0.56
  • Midwives – 1.70

Major Medical Colleges in Philippines

Major Public Hospitals in Philippines

1.The Philippine General Hospital (PGH) – 1500 Beds

This is a tertiary state-owned hospital administered and operated by the University of the Philippines Manila. It is the largest government hospital administered by the university. The PGH is the largest training hospital in the country. It is a mixed-use hospital, with 1,000 beds for indigent patients and 500 beds for private patients, and offers some of the lowest rates for patients and is generally known as the hospital for indigent patients.

2.Philippine Heart Center – 354 Beds

The PHC hospital is a bed tertiary care center. There are twenty-one nursing units, including 53 Intensive Care Unit (ICU) beds, 24 suites, 56 private rooms, a presidential suite, 74 semi-private rooms, 3 adult service wards, and a pediatric service ward. Its design of having 4 petals in each floor represents the 4 chambers of the human heart.

3.Ospital ng Maynila Medical Center (OMMC) – 300 Beds

It is a non-profit tertiary, general and training hospital in Malate, Manila, Philippines. It is the laboratory hospital of health science students (students of medicine, nursing and physical therapy) enrolled at the Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila, one of the Philippines’ most prestigious universities. Hospital is operated and maintained through taxes paid by Manila residents.

4.National Center for Mental Health – 4200 Beds

Formerly known as National Mental Hospital, was established on 17 December 1928. It was founded in order to accommodate the increasing number of mental patients and other patients with related nervous system conditions. It is a psychiatric hospital occupying 47 hectares of land in the city of Mandaluyong.

5.The Philippine Orthopedic Center – 700 Beds

It is a tertiary special hospital under the Department of Health of the Philippines. The hospital is located at Banawe Avenue corner Maria Clara Street, Santa Mesa Heights, Quezon City. The Philippine Orthopedic Center caters mainly to a patient clientele with Orthopedic, Musculoskeletal problems and Neuromuscular conditions. The Center is also the major referral center for Spinal injuries in the country.

6.The East Avenue Medical Center (EAMC) – 600 Beds

It is a government-owned tertiary general hospital located in Quezon City, Metro Manila, Philippines. Medical services at EAMC include anesthesia, dermatology, E.R. trauma, ENT, OB/GYN, ophthalmology, orthopedics, pediatrics, surgery and urology.

Major Private Hospitals in Philippines

1.Adventist Medical Center Manila – 150 Beds

This is an acute care, tertiary & private hospital that is located within Pasay in Metro Manila, Philippines. It was established in July 1929 by a missionary doctor – Horace Hall. It is one of the two constituents, the other being an educational institution, that formed the Adventist Medical Center Manila. The hospital is part of a chain of more than 500 health care institutions worldwide operated by the Seventh-day Adventist Church.

2.Asian Hospital and Medical Center – 229 Beds

Established on March 15, 2002, this is the first private tertiary hospital built in the southern part of Metro Manila. It currently stands on a land area within the vicinity of Filinvest, measuring 17,258 square metres (185,760 sq ft) that both includes the main hospital building and the hospital’s medical offices. It has also been accredited by The Joint Commission in 2013.

3.Capitol Medical Center – 300 Beds

Established in 1970, this hospital is located in Quezon City. The first kidney transplant was done in the hospital on November 1970. The hospital also had national firsts such as the first private hospital to host a center for Spinal Disorder which was established 1977, the first Digital Infrared Thermograph Imaging system acquired in 1983.

4.Makati Medical Center – 600 Beds.

Formerly known as Makati General Hospital, it is a tertiary hospital in Makati. The hospital was founded on May 31, 1969. It is one of the hospitals owned and operated by Medical Doctors Inc., a subsidiary of Metro Pacific Investments Corporation. It has also been accredited by The Joint Commission (JCI).

5.Our Lady of Lourdes Hospital (OLLH) – 230 Beds

It is a private non-profit tertiary hospital located in Santa Mesa, Manila. It is a part of the East Manila Hospital Managers Corporation, a subsidiary of Metro Pacific Investments Corporation. Our Lady of Lourdes Hospital was founded in 1958 by the Missionary Sisters Servants of the Holy Spirit.

6.Luke’s Medical Center (SLMC) – 650 Beds & 600 Beds

This is a private health care institution based in Quezon City which operates two hospitals of the same name in Quezon City and Taguig. It was founded by the Protestant Episcopal Americans in 1903 as the second American and Protestant founded hospital in the Philippines. Both hospitals are also accredited by JCI for the Clinical Care Program Certification (CCPC) for the Primary Stroke Program.

Major Diagnostic Centers in Philippines

  1. Physicians Diagnostic Center, Manila.
  2. Accuserv Diagnostic Center, Quezon City.
  1. iScan Diagnostic Center, Quezon City.
  2. First Philippine Imaging & Diagnostic Institute, Inc, Quezon City.
  3. GP Genesis Dialysis Clinic and Diagnostic Center, Quezon City


In Philippines, majority of hospitals are private owned & most of them provides costly treatment. The distribution of healthcare system is also diverse & most of the private hospitals are located on high economic zone areas resulting in devoid of services to other parts of the country. This scenario is favoring new hospitals to come & provide affordable treatment with improving the healthcare system of the country.

If you need any support in planning and designing of a new hospital you can contact us: Hospaccx healthcare business consulting Pvt. Ltd on: [email protected] . Or you can visit our website


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