Healthcare scenario of Sudan


Are you planning to build or restructure or venture in any healthcare venture in Sudan? Looking for information about the major healthcare players in Government, Private diagnostic centers that are available in Sudan? Are you looking to find out which part of the of the city’s is best to venture in or what all facilities are available and what all should be planned for new setup? In this article Hospaccx Healthcare Consultancy has mapped all on major players in terms of medical facilities and healthcare scenario in Sudan.

Below is the superficial and macro level survey if you need a refined market and financial feasibility or any other study related to healthcare is required you can contact Hospaccx Healthcare business consulting Pvt. ltd on [email protected] or [email protected] Or you can visit our website on

The Sudan, also known as North Sudan since South Sudan’s independence and officially the Republic of the Sudan, is a country in Northeast Africa. It is bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea, Eritrea and Ethiopia to the east, South Sudan to the south, the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west and Libya to the northwest. It is the third largest country in Africa. The capital city is Khartoum. The country is divided into 17 states.

Demography Statistics

The Rural-Urban Dichotomy

Fig. 1: 33.7% of the population were reported living in the urban areas while 66.3% population are living in rural areas.


Sudan’s economic freedom score is 49.4, making its economy the 161st freest in the 2018 Index. In 2010, Sudan was considered the 17th-fastest-growing economy. Because of the secession of South Sudan, which contained over 80 percent of Sudan’s oilfields, Sudan entered a phase of stagflation, GDP growth slowed to 3.7 percent in 2016 while inflation remained as high as 21.8% as of 2015. Agricultural production remains Sudan’s most-important sector, employing 80 percent of the workforce and contributing 39 percent of GDP, but most farms remain rain-fed and susceptible to drought. Instability, adverse weather and weak world-agricultural prices ensures that much of the population will remain at or below the poverty line for years.

According to the Corruptions Perception Index, Sudan is one of the most corrupt nations in the world. According to the Global Hunger Index of 2013, Sudan has an GHI indicator value of 27.0 indicating that the nation has an ‘Alarming Hunger Situation’ and earning the nation the distinction of being the 5th hungriest nation in the world. According to the 2015 Human Development Index (HDI) Sudan ranked the 167st place in Human Development, indicating Sudan still has one of the lowest human development in the world. Almost one-fifth of Sudan’s population lives below the international poverty line which means living on less than US$1.25 per day.

Connectivity to Sudan

Sudan is well-connected to the rest of the world via two major international airports, Port Sudan New International Airport and Khartoum International Airport. Located in the capital city, the latter is the busiest airport in Sudan. From India, board connecting flights offered by airlines such as Etihad Airways, Qatar Airways, Jet Airways, Emirates, British Airways, and Air India.

Major Corporates in Sudan

Growth Plans of Sudan

  • Sudan is endowed with rich natural resources, including natural gas, gold, silver, chromite, asbestos, manganese, gypsum, mica, zinc, iron, lead, uranium, copper, kaolin, cobalt, granite, nickel, tin and aluminum. So, now Sudan is planning to boost their economy with the help of natural resources.
  • By ENABLE Youth Program, youth in the country will get involved in agriculture and learn business skills that will help them make a living. This is an important step in diversifying Sudan’s economy and decreasing its reliance on oil.
  • The plans for developing water infrastructure in Sudan is to increase access to clean water and sanitation systems, as well as decrease the inefficacy of utilities and its subsequent drain on money resources.
  • Road density in Sudan is among the lowest in Africa and the world. Sudan is planning to develop network of new roads to interconnect the states & the interiors.

Some Important Health Statistics

The Healthcare Scenario

Sudan has excessive burden of communicable diseases such as malaria, tuberculosis and schistosomiasis. Sudan is predominantly susceptible to non-communicable diseases, natural and manmade disasters. Drought, flood, internal conflicts, and outbreaks of violence are quite common which bring about a burden of traumatic disease and demand for high quality emergency health care.

Policies and plans in Sudan are produced at three levels federal, state, and district (also called locality). There is one Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH) and 18 State Ministries of Health (SMOH). The federal level is responsible for provision of nationwide health policies, plans, strategies, overall monitoring and evaluation, coordination, training, and external relations.

Major causes of Morbidity

  1. Malaria
  2. Pneumonia
  3. Diseases of respiratory system
  4. Diarrhea and Gastroenteritis
  5. Acute tonsillitis

Breakdown of total health expenditures in Sudan

Almost 60% is spent on curative services out of which 35% spent on inpatients curative care, 25% on outpatients including general and curative, 4% on preventive and primary and 6% on health administration and 5% on other health related functions. Pharmaceuticals utilize a major share of 25%.

The Healthcare System

The health services provided in Sudan follow the classical three basic arrangements, primary, secondary, tertiary health care. The primary health care is the first encounter for the patients and includes as mentioned in the organizations the dressing stations, dispensaries, primary health care units and health centers, the latter forms the referral point from the lower facilities. On the other hand, both public and private sectors work together in the provision of the secondary and tertiary lines of care. Though, the private sectors have been functioning mainly in urban areas. Screening, diagnostic, and therapeutic services are being provided in both health centers and hospitals as secondary care, where major surgical, rehabilitative, and subspecialized tertiary care is being provided mainly at larger public hospitals including teaching hospital, private hospitals, and in specialized centers.

GDP allocated for the health sector is 8.4% and out-of-pocket expenditure contribute 64.3 % of total health expenditure. While one-fifth of Sudan’s population lives below the international poverty line, the government faced the question of how to meet the health needs of the population, especially the poor, with falling government resources. Less than 50% of health facilities have the minimally required equipment, which is additionally ill-maintained, rendering services offered at health facilities inefficient and of poor quality. Only 44% of health centers happen to have sterilizing equipment.

Density of Healthcare Personnel in Sudan

The density of physicians per 10,000 population was 0.30, dentists 0.02, pharmacists 0.04, nurses 0.47 and midwives 0.37 in 2008, making the country face critical shortages in its health workforce. Nearly 70% of health personnel work in urban settings serving about 30% of the total country population. More than one-third of the health workforce is located in Khartoum state (the capital). Around 67% of health workers staff serve in secondary and tertiary facilities while only 33% in PHC settings.

Comparison of Public & Private sector in Healthcare market


Fig.2: The private sector shares more that 70% of the health care system in Sudan. This is because of the fact that it is supported by the health insurance companies. Many private sector Companies offer their employees a health insurance of “good quality”, they refer them to the private sector.

Medical Colleges in Sudan

Major Public Hospitals in Sudan

Major Private Hospitals in Sudan

Mother of Mercy Hospital – 350 Beds

Thomas (Tom) Catena is an American physician who has been practicing in Gidel, in the Nuba Mountains of Sudan since 2008. The region has been an area of active conflict since early 2011 and Catena is the only surgeon for the surrounding population of 750,000 people. The hospital’s catchment area covers roughly one third of South Kordofan, equivalent in size to the entire country of Austria.

Jafar Ibn Auf Pediatric Hospital – 186 Beds

It is a children’s hospital located in Khartoum, Sudan. It is the largest children’s hospital in Sudan and incorporates many of the pediatric subspecialties. It was one of the first dedicated children’s hospitals in Africa. The hospital was originally opened as the Children’s Emergency Hospital (CEH) which later evolved into 16 wards & now operates as a tertiary care hospital.

Royal Care International Hospital (RCIH) – 150 Beds

The Royal Care International Hospital is a multi-specialty tertiary care hospital located in Khartoum, Sudan. RCIH is the first hospital in Sudan prepared to be accredited by the Joint Commission International (JCI) for quality practice.

Fedail Hospital – 120 Beds

The experience of Fedail Hospital dates back to 1992 when it opened Sudan Clinic, the first endoscopic oriented private clinic in Sudan, the first laparoscopic cholecystectomy in Sudan was performed in it. In June 2003, Fedail Medical Center was promoted to Fedail Hospital equipped with highly sophisticated medical tools & more than 50 specialists.

Imperial Hospital

It is a tertiary care Hospital committed itself to provide advanced featured medical care to approach European Hospitals Standards. They Contracted with a group of more than 40 consultants who have European expertise to offer the best medical services, hence to reflect their experience in European hospitals.

ST Mary’s Maternity Hospital – 40 Beds

Previously it was a small clinic run by the Comboni Missionary Sisters in collaboration with local doctors, midwives and nurses in Khartoum. It was established in 1956 and to this day it is the only Catholic hospital in Sudan. It has over 40 beds and a small operation theatre.

Major Diagnostic Centers


The economy of Sudan has seen the worse & now, gradually it is rising. Although Sudan is a poor country but 70% of Healthcare system is shared by the private sector because of lack of resources in public sector. The private healthcare system needs further improvement & the scenario is inviting new investors to come & start new hospitals or chain of clinics to serve the needy population of the country.

If you need any support in planning and designing of a new hospital you can contact us: Hospaccx healthcare business consulting Pvt. Ltd on: [email protected] . Or you can visit our website


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