Master planning of medical campus is both a science and an art. It is a science because it is based on systematic study of the Hospital structure, organized knowledge of all the functional relationship that exists between various parts of the hospital and an adherence to fundamentals.It is an art because it requires an application of human imagination, a creative and an innovative approach and a meticulous planning which is done keeping the future in mind. A great structural drawing for hospital is the result of a perfect blend and balance between the two.
Although, master planning of medical campus is not easy, it requires domain expertise and knowledge, relevant experience and a tight-grip on future trends of healthcare industry of a particular location. But, it can be accomplished through a sound vision for a hospital and a concerted human effort led by a team of facility planners, capability experts, hospital-engineering experts and architects.
While a campus master plan is a comprehensive document and structural drawing for hospital that gives a fair idea of what the builder will construct both initially and in the future, it is also a systematic assessment of the available space, fund requirement and its allocation and a future projection of how the Hospital will perform looking at the various trends of the healthcare industry.
Phase I: Strategic Planning and assessment
- A match between promoter’s vision and facility blue –print.
- Strategic Business assessment to understand current and future financial projection.
- A study of statistical trends to set-up initial design.
- Initial space planning and allocation.
- Energy conservation mechanism.
- Staffing requirement and assessment.
Phase II: Conceptual site planning
- Assessment of site, its location, area, proximity with other major locations of the city, weather conditions, soil condition, transportation facility, legal norms etc.
- Assessment of patient and visitors flow on a daily basis.
- Conceptual site planning that includes architectural drawing and facility design.
Phase III: Inter departmental planning and design
- Department and room identifications, functionality and flow.
- Departmental boundaries, identification of major entry and exit points.
- Vertical transport and inter-departmental corridors.
- Location of critical zones.
Phase IV: Physical set-up, evaluation and recommendation
- Actual building of the hospital, rooms, departments.
- Evaluation of the work-in-progress.
- Assessment of the constraints.
- Recommendations to overcome constraints, modifications and revised planning.