Ophthalmology Hospital Planning & Designing



Ophthalmology hospital is a single speciality hospital that provides services exclusively for eye diseases. Treatment for repairing traumatic injuries, improving or saving eyesight can be provided in such hospital.

The treatment of eye diseases fall into four main categories:

  • Medication (including home treatments and over-the-counter medicine)
  • Surgery
  • Prescription glasses or contact lenses
  • Treatment of systemic conditions affecting the eye

Considering the above facts, Hospaccx team participates in ‘Ophthalmology Hospital Planning and Designing’. This is macroficial study of Ophthalmology Hospital planning and designing if you want to get into more detail you can contact [email protected]

Planning of Ophthalmology Hospital


Ophthalmology Hospital should have following departments:

Ophthalmic OPD


  • OPD should be located at the entrance of the hospital.
  • The Ophthalmic Outpatient Department (OPD) handles a significant proportion of all Ophthalmology workload and activity.
  • The Ophthalmic OPD requires a comprehensive range of optical/ophthalmological equipment which is mostly fixed or non-portable.
  • Easy access should be provided to supportive diagnostic technology such as optical coherence tomography and ocular imaging in OPD.

Consultation Room

  • This is an arbitrary thing dependent on availability of space and on personal preferences.
  • Many physicians prefer to interview patients initially in a private office.
  • Others do so in the examination rooms, thus saving the time involved in transferring the patient from consultation room to examination room.
  • If excessive space must be taken in order to acquire a particular suite, one room can be adapted for use as a relaxation room, with a cot and beverages and other comforts; or it can be used as a dressing room for the assistants.
  • A room of this type can always be converted to an examination room later, if the need should arise.

Examination Rooms

  • Examination rooms can be refraction rooms, treatment rooms, minor-surgery rooms, field rooms, photography rooms.
  • This arrangement is a timesaver, especially if all parts of the examination are done by the eye doctor; but if assistants do part of the work-up, such as fields or muscle testing or even preliminary visions, there must be separate rooms for the different functions.

Refraction Room

  • Although only one retracting lane can be used at a time, it is generally conceded that more than one is needed by the busy ophthalmologist.
  • With a second room available, it is a simple matter to give final instructions, bid a courteous farewell and stop into the next room, where a patient has already been seated, with records laid out in a convenient place and instruments properly positioned for immediate use.
  • If it is not possible to have two identical refraction lanes, it is helpful to set up a second lane in a smaller room, perhaps a treatment room, which can be used when the patient load gets unduly heavy.
  • Mirrors or special visual charts can be used, and still the room can be devoted primarily to some other function.
  • The size of a refraction room depends not only on the space available, but also on the predilections of the practitioner.
  • There should also be room for medicines, treatment cabinet, and perhaps a treatment table. This would require a minimum of 150 sq. ft.

Ophthalmic Imaging

Ophthalmic imaging is an integral part of the work of all ophthalmic departments which includes:

  • Corneal and anterior segment imaging
  • Corneal tomography
  • Ocular wavefront analysis
  • Specular microscopy
  • In vivo confocal microscopy
  • Corneal and anterior segment Optical Coherence Tomography
  • Retinal imaging
  • Scanning laser ophthalmoscopy
  • Optic nerve head and peripapillary Imaging
  • External, oculoplastic and adnexal Imaging
  • Ultrasonography

Ophthalmic Emergency Department

  • There should be access to protocols and guidelines for key high risk emergency care; for e.g. acute glaucoma, endophthalmitis, orbital haemorrhage, acute central retinal artery occlusion etc.
  • Every eye unit and ophthalmic surgical provider should have a plan for emergencies and urgent care 24/7 to cover:
  • Urgent and emergency advice and care for patients who have received care from the unit
  • Patients who come to or contact the hospital or the eye unit with an urgent problem
  • Urgent and emergency care of patients who are already in the hospital or unit for some other reason (e.g. an in-patient in a medical ward) who then develop an eye problem
  • Acutely unwell patients in eye settings
  • A theatre should be available to perform emergency ophthalmic procedures where necessary.

Ophthalmic OT

  • Designing of Ophthalmic OT remains same as that of any OT which includes Scrub room, Anesthesia room, preparation room, changing room for doctors as well as nurse staff etc.
  • Ophthalmic OT should be constructed considering typical zones of any OT.
  • All OTs should be used for routine surgeries except one OT. This OT should be used to operate infected cases. This OT may also be used for emergency cases if necessary.

Ophthalmic Ward & Day Care Unit

  • Instead of allotting separate areas for general ward & day care, both units can share beds forming a combine department.
  • This combine unit caters for patients with acute ophthalmic conditions (either for treatment or surgery), and Day Case surgery.
  • The patients who go for ophthalmic procedures including cataract surgery, glaucoma, vitreous haemorrhages and retinal detachments, squints and other minor procedures can be admitted in this ward.
  • At the Ophthalmic ward, patients are assessed prior to surgery by a multi-disciplinary team.

Ophthalmic ICU

Ophthalmic ICU is highly specified and sophisticated area of a ophthalmology hospital which is specifically designed, staffed, located, furnished and equipped, dedicated to management of critically patient, injuries or complications.


Minimum Requirements for all areas in ophthalmology Hospital is as follows:


There are some other areas which should be mandatorily included while planning an ophthalmology hospital such as: 

  • Visual Rehabilitation
  • Laboratories
  • Eye Bank
  • Ocular Oncology
  • Pediatric Eye Care
  • Optical Shop


To conclude, separate areas should be provided for optometrist & ophthalmologist in OPD. Refraction room should be designed separately. It should be kept in mind that Ophthalmic imaging department differs from regular imaging department. So, it should be well planned. Also, LASER room should be mandatory part of ophthalmology Hospital.

Are you planning to design Ophthalmology Hospital? We can help you to design your dream project, below are the healthcare design services that we offer:-

  • Healthcare Architecture Design services
  • MEP Design
  • Landscape Design services
  • Structural  Design services
  • Interior Design services

It is the superficial and macro level study for more details kindly contact Hospaccx Healthcare business consulting Pvt. ltd on [email protected] or [email protected] or you can visit our website on www.hhbc.in

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